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What is Psoriasis?

As the colder months draw in, we may notice a flare-up of dry skin, eczema and in some cases, Psoriasis, but what exactly is it?

What is it?

Psoriasis, pronounced “Sore-eye-a-sis” – is an autoimmune disease that causes scaly, red patches on the skin. It can be found on any body part but mainly affects the elbows, knees and scalp.

It is non-contagious; however, this skin condition is chronic meaning it is a long-lasting condition.

The normal skin production phase is typically a 1-month cycle; where dead cells fall off and new, healthy skin ones grow in their place.
However, Psoriasis is the result of an abnormal skin cycle which means this process will occur in just a few days. This quick-turnover means the old cells don’t have enough time to fall off, causing a cell pile-up. It’s this rapid overproduction that causes the collection of skin cells.



There isn’t a definite cause, however, studies show that genetics play a huge part in the skin condition. If an immediate family member is affected, your risk for developing Psoriasis is higher.

An autoimmune condition is the result of the body attacking itself. In this case, the white blood cells wrongly attack the skin cells. It’s this mistaken attack that causes the skin cell production process to go into overdrive, ultimately causing the red, inflamed areas of skin to develop.

There are triggers which can initiate a flare-up;

  • psoriasis on the elbowStress
  • Alcohol
  • Injury
  • Medications
  • Infection
  • Weather
  • Unhealthy diet


Treatments and cures?

Unfortunately, there is not a cure, however topical solutions and steroids can help and will usually be your first effort for treatment. Light therapy and medications are for more severe cases of Psoriasis. Before any type of treatment, we recommend visiting a dermatologist or your GP but the simplest treatment is to keep the skin hydrated at all times. Want to Tackle Winter Dehydration? We’ve got everything you need to know in a blog!


By HC MedSpa
21st September 2018