Blackheads are a plug of sebum in a hair follicle, darkened by oxidation. They are categorized as the mildest form of Acne. If left untreated blackheads could develop to a higher grade of Acne.
Blackheads are easy to spot on the skin because of their dark color. They are slightly raised, although they are not painful because they are not inflamed like pimples.
The reasons for excess sebum production vary and are not fully clear. Hormonal change during puberty is the most common cause of blackheads, as well as pregnancy and the use of birth control pills. Cosmetics, cleansers and clothing that block or cover pores aid in the formation of blackheads. Heavy sweating, high humidity, dietary factors, disease or medications that encourage rapid skin cell turnover and some steroid drugs are factors that promote acne and the formation of blackheads.
It's important to wash your skin regularly to remove excess dirt and oil. This can help prevent blackheads from forming or clogging pores. Use a gentle cleanser with a neutral pH. You may also look for cleansers with salicylic acid, which can be very helpful in keeping pores clean and preventing breakouts. Using an exfoliating scrub or mask weekly will remove the dead skin. When choosing daily products such as lotions and make-up, try to find oil-free based products.
Individuals affected by blackheads are teenagers, females during their menstrual cycle or while taking birth control medication, people who take drugs such as corticosteroids, lithium, or androgens. Individuals with oily skin and regular acne breakouts will be highly prone to blackheads.
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Before and After photos