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What is it?

Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition which mainly affects the face. Rosacea causes facial redness and produces small, red, pus-filled pustules (bumps). Rosacea worsens with time if left untreated. It is often mistaken for acne or eczema or some other skin allergy. The redness in rosacea is often aggravated by flushing, which may cause small blood vessels in the face to enlarge (dilate) permanently and become more visible through the skin, appearing like tiny red lines. Repeated episodes of flushing and blushing may promote inflammation, causing small red bumps. Rosacea is also referred to as acne rosacea.

What are the symptoms?

The main signs or symptoms of Rosacea are flushing (easily blushing), facial skin hyper-reactivity, persistent redness, spots, papules, and pustules (Inflammatory rosacea), inflamed blood vessels (vascular rosacea), rhinophyma - excess facial skin around the nose, Ocular rosacea (inflammatory rosacea around the eye area) and facial swelling.

What are the causes?

Rosacea is caused by several factors such as genetics, hormonal, medication, excessive exposure to sunlight, stress, strenuous exercise, hot or cold weather, alcohol, drugs, smoking and current skincare regimes.

What should you avoid?

To avoid Rosacea there are several factors that should be limited such as: sun exposure, emotional stress, hot weather, wind, excessive exercise, drinking large amounts of alcohol in a short period of time, hot baths, cold weather, spicy food, humidity, hot beverages and irritating skin products.

Who is affected?

Tending to be a hereditary disorder, rosacea shows up most often in those aged 30 to 50. Rosacea is not specific to certain skin types and it can affect any demographic. However, those of northern or eastern European descent tend to be at greater risk. Further, rosacea may be especially prevalent in people with fair skin who tend to flush or blush easily. The condition is more frequently diagnosed in women but is generally more severe in men.



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